Town and Country Planning Organisation



Origin and Establishment

The The Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO), technical arm of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, is an apex technical advisory and consultant organisation on matters concerning urban and regional planning strategies, research, appraisal, and monitoring of central government schemes and development policies. TCPO not only assists the Central Government but also provides assistance to the State Governments, Public Sector Undertakings and Local Bodies / Development Authorities on the matters pertaining to urbanisation, town planning, urban transportation, metropolitan planning, human settlement policies, planning legislation.  The Organisation also undertakes consultancy works on urban development, urban design, spatial planning, etc, besides, conducting training programme on computer application in planning, GIS, etc., in collaboration with other national and international agencies.  The major functions of TCPO are :

i) Appraisal and monitoring of central sector projects / programmes.

ii) Advice to the Ministry of Urban Development, Planning Commission and other Central Ministries in Urban Development policies and strategies.

iii) Technical advice and assistance to State Town and Country Planning Departments.

iv) Undertaking applied research in areas of topical interest.

v) Preparation of Manuals and Guides on various aspects of planning and development.

vi) Organising training programmes, conferences and workshops for in-service planners and officials in the field of urban and regional planning and development.

vii) Providing consultancy services in planning projects at various levels.

viii) Developing Urban and Regional Information System.

Major on-going and new Schemes

I) Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns

Since 1979-80, the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT) is in operation in all states and UTs.  It aims at the development of selected regional growth centers with infrastructure and service facilities so as to enable such towns to emerge as regional centers of economic growth and employment opportunities and arrest migration from rural areas and small towns to large and metropolitan cities.    Since inception of the scheme till end of the financial year 2004-05 central assistance of Rs. 850.49 crores has been released to 1854 towns.  In addition, Rs. 24.05 crores have also been released to 1202 towns under Central Urban Infrastructure  Support Scheme (CUISS).   A status report on IDSMT 2004-05 highlighting the salient features of the scheme, component wise progress for each state and UT upto 31.03.2005 is available with TCPO.

II) Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT)

Urban infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns was launched on 3.12.2005 for improvement of urban infrastructure in towns and cities in a planned manner. It subsumed the erstwhile schemes of Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT) and Accelerated Urban Water Supply Programme (AUWSP). The main thrust of the Scheme is on planned and integrated development of small and medium towns. The Scheme envisages to improve the urban governance so as to make the Urban Local Bodies financially sound with enhanced credit rating to access the resources from the market for undertaking new programmes and expansion of services. As part of JNNURM, in order to access the Additional Central Assistance under the scheme, mandatory reforms at Urban Local Bodies / parastatal/ state level and the optional reforms at the state / ULB / parastatal level are required to be implemented.

The objectives of the scheme are to:
• Improve infrastructural facilities and help create durable public assets and quality oriented services in cities & towns
• Enhance public-private-partnership in infrastructural development and
• Promote planned integrated development of towns and cities.

The duration of the Scheme is seven years beginning from 2005-06. All the cities / towns as per 2001 census, excepting those covered under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) are eligible to be covered under the Scheme. The components for assistance under the scheme include all urban infrastructure development projects including water supply and sewerage. Land cost will not be financed except for acquisition of private land for schemes/ projects in the North Eastern States & hilly States viz. Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Jammu & Kashmir.

Admissible Components: i) Urban Renewal i.e redevelopment of inner (old) city areas [this would include items like widening of narrow streets, shifting of industrial/commercial establishments from non-conforming (inner-city) to conforming’ (outer-city) areas to reduce congestion, replacement of old and worn-out water pipes by new/higher capacity ones, renewal of sewerage/drainage/solid waste disposal systems, etc. ii) Water Supply (including de-salination plants) and sanitation iii) Sewerage and Solid Waste Management iv) Construction and improvement of drains/storm water drains v) Construction / Upgradation of roads, highways/expressways vi) Parking lots / spaces on Public Private Partnership basis vii) Development of heritage areas viii) Prevention & rehabilitation of soil erosion/landslides only in case of Special Category States where such problems are common and, ix) Preservation of water bodies. Inadmissible Items
i) Power and telecommunication works,
ii) Rolling stock like buses and trams,
iii) Health and educational institutions,
iv) Urban Transport (MRTS, LRTS etc.)
v) Wage employment programme and staff component
vi) Maintenance works While sanctioning projects for slum improvement, State Level Sanctioning Committee would ensure that there has not been any duplication of efforts from other sources. For this purpose the implementing agencies are required to submit requisite certificate.

Financing Pattern The sharing of funds is in the ratio of 80:10 between Central Government & State Government and the balance 10% could be raised by the nodal / implementing agencies from the financial institutions. Implementing agencies may substitute internal resources for funds to be raised from financial institutions. However, in case of cities/towns in North Eastern States and Jammu & Kashmir sharing of funds would be in the ratio of 90:10 between Central & State Government.

Release of Central Assistance Central assistance (grant) released will go directly to the nodal agencies identified by the State Government as Additional Central Assistance.

Release of Central share to nodal agency will be in two installments and will depend on availability of State share and submission of utilization certificates within 12 months of the closure of the financial year in accordance with the provisions of General Financial Rules.

The criteria for release of funds is as under:-
• 50% of the Central share will be released on signing of Memorandum of Agreement with the State Level Nodal Agency, after ascertaining availability of State Share.
• Balance 50% of the central share would be released on submission of Utilization Certificates by Nodal Agency for 70% of funds (Central & State grants) released earlier.
• State Level Nodal Agency will, however, release funds in the following manner:
• 25% of Central grant on ascertaining availability of State share;
• Balance Central grant after release of State grant and after assessment of progress of implementation of reforms.

Since inception (as on 31-03-09), 969 projects in 783 towns of 27 States and 3 UTs have been approved for total project cost of Rs.19842.72 crores by the respective State Level Sanctioning Committees. Out of these, 747 projects in 631 towns across 26 States and 2 UTs at a total cost of Rs. 12777.80 crores have been approved for release of funds. An amount of Rs. 5820.70 crores has been released as Central Share till 31.03.09.

NATIONAL URBAN INFORMATION SYSTEM (NUIS) Ministry of Urban Development has launched National Urban Information System (NUIS) Scheme on pilot basis to develop GIS databases for 137 towns / cities in the country in two scales i.e., 1:10000 and 1:2000. In addition, utility mapping on 1:1000 scale will also be undertaken for 24 towns. The total number of towns under NUIS Scheme are now 152 due to addition of towns from J&K, Sikkim, Tripura and dropping of town from NCT Delhi, Tamilnadu and Uttar Pradesh. The major objectives of the Scheme are to:
i)) develop attribute as well as spatial database for various levels of urban planning, ii) use modern data sources, iii) develop standards, iv) develop urban indices, and v) capacity building.

The NUIS Scheme comprises two major components, a) Urban Spatial Information System (USIS) to meet the spatial (map / images, data / information), requirements of urban planning for routine functions and (b) National Urban Databank and Indicators (NUDBI) to develop town – level urban database to support development of indices through a network of Local Urban Observatories (LUO) under the National Urban Observatory (NUO) programme.

Digital maps and GIS Database created under the Scheme will be useful for the following purpose:-

i) Preparation of Master Plan and Zonal Plan ii) Disaster Management Plan for towns iii) Traffic Management System iv) Operation and management of water supply and sewerage system.

152 towns / cities will be covered under NUIS Scheme and the cost to be shared by the Centre and the State in the ratio of 75:25. Generation of digital maps and GIS database under this scheme is being outsourced to Survey of India which would undertake the job jointly with National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA). The Town and Country Planning Organisation under the Ministry of Urban Development is the nodal agency for implementation and review of the Scheme.

Five meetings of Monitoring and Implementation Group, one TAC meeting and one review meeting was held for implementation of NUIS Scheme during the financial year 2008-09. 32 States (including 5UTs) have released the State share for mapping and generation of GIS databases to Survey of India. Tamilnadu, NCT Delhi & Uttrakhand have been dropped from the Scheme. First installment of Central Share has been released for HW / SW and NUDBI for 2 States and 2nd installments for HW / SW for 8 states during 2008-09.

It is a proposed scheme and in during the financial year 2008-09 a token provision of Rs. 5.00 crores was made. Draft Guidelines of the Scheme has been prepared and a national level consultation was held at Chennai in collaboration with Tamil Nadu Urban Finance Infrastructure and Development Corporation (TUFIDCO) in which various stakeholders participated.

The Scheme has been subsumed in the new scheme of Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) since 2005-06 and no allocation is provided in the current financial year under the Scheme. The residual work under the Scheme is being attended and UCs for Rs. 29.17 crores have been realized from the State Governments upto 31.03.2009.

STUDIES / PROJECTS Studies on ‘Selected Demographic and Socio-economic Indicators of States and UTs in India – 2001’; ‘Households having Toilet facilities in cities and towns of India” and Households having electricity connection in cities and towns of India’ based on 2001 Census were completed. Studies on Urban Land Price Scenario in Kolkata and Mumbai are in progress. Perspective Plan for Bageshwar District (Uttarakhand) is also in progress. Initiated work on Draft Interim Development Plan for Bhubaneshwar – Khurda Corridor. Work for revising the Toolkit for City Development Plan under JNNURM was initiated.

Technical inputs were provided for the meetings of Board of Approval for Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and also for Industrial Parks. Technical inputs provided on various issues related with urbanization matters, Urban Development policies, ADB and World Bank funded projects, Hi-tech cities, implementation of geographical distribution of minorities in India, Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF), setting up of National Commission on Urbanisation (NCU), formulation of Model Town & Country Planning Act, Disaster Management, Centre of Excellence in the field of Urban Development and Transport, proposal for Japanese Development Study and technical Cooperation Programme for the year 2007-08, The Maharashtra Housing Sector Regulatory Commission Bill, 2008, National Policy on Older Persons, project proposal on ‘Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement in 14 towns of Orissa’; amendment to Model Regulation / bye-law circulated to States / UTs to assist Municipal Corporation / Municipalities in revising their bye-laws to make the use of solar water heaters mandatory in certain categories of buildings; National Policy on the Voluntary Sector – 2007, Guidelines for sanction and implementation of projects out of 10% lump sum provision for the benefit of NE Region including Sikkim, draft note for the cabinet on National Urban Sanitation Policy, National Policy on Disaster Management, Manual for Integrated District Planning, The Maharashtra Special Economic Zone and Designated Areas Ordinance Bill, 2008, draft Cabinet Note on Conservation of Energy and various other issues covering urban development.

III) Urban Mapping Scheme

Perspective Plan for Dandakarnya The Urban Mapping Scheme was initiated during the VIIIth Five Year Plan to prepare large-scale base maps of towns / cities using aerial photography.  Under the scheme 53 towns from different States were covered in two phases.  During the first phase 25 towns from 7 States and during the second phase 28 towns from 19 States have been covered in consultation with the State Governments.  The total work of aerial photography and mapping for all the 53 towns has been completed and maps generated under the scheme have been sent to the respective State Town Planning Departments which are being used for urban planning and other related purposes.  Out of 53 towns, 28 towns covered in the second phase are also available in digital format.    Further, to test the efficacy of the maps generated under the scheme, two towns viz. Khammam and Nainital have been taken up as pilot studies for generation of GIS database to enable preparation of Master Plan.  The total cost of the scheme for all the 53 towns worked out to Rs 20.19 Crores.

IV) National Urban Information System (NUIS)

During the Tenth Five Year Plan, the Urban Mapping Scheme has been discontinued and subsumed in the new scheme of National Urban Information System (NUIS) Scheme.  Under NUIS it is proposed to cover 137 towns at an estimated cost of Rs. 66.28 crores.  Under the scheme, funding will be in the ratio of 75:25 between Central Government and State Government.   TCPO is the nodal agency to implement the NUIS Scheme.

The NUIS comprises broadly two major components with independent but related objectives, strategies and budget under a single umbrella i.e.,
  1. Urban Spatial Information System Scheme (USIS)
  2. National Urban Data Bank and Indicators (NUDBI)
The National Urban Databank and Indicators component will further comprise the following two sub-components (1) Housing and Household Statistics, and (2) National Urban Observatory / Local Urban Observatories addressing the indicators aspect. The scheme has been approved by the Government and operationalized.

V) Permanent Settlement Plan for Tsunami Affected Areas in A&N Islands

As directed by the Ministry, TCPO as a member of the central team, has surveyed and prepared layout plans for Permanent Settlements for Tsunami affected areas in Little Andaman, Car Nicobar, Southern group of Islands, and Great Nicobar of A&N Islands.

VI) Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)

JNNURM launched by the  Hon’ble  PM on  3rd December 2005 will be implemented by the Ministry during the next seven years. The Mission envisaged to improve urban infrastructure services in the identified cities to make them efficient and effective centres of growth. 

Under JNNURM, Chief Planner, TCPO is a member of the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee of the Sub-Mission for Urban Infrastructure and Governance, as well as Sub-Mission on Basic Services to the Urban Poor.  As such TCPO will provide technical inputs for monitoring and sanctioning of the projects as well as in scrutinizing the City Development Plans and Detailed Project Reports.

VII) A Comparative Study on Planning Norms, Building Bye-Laws, Tariff Structure, Land Assembly and Resource Mobilization for selected Metropolitan Cities, (1999)

This study was a comparative study among the nine metropolitan cities with regard to Planning Norms, Building Bye-Laws, Tariff Structure, Land Assembly and Resource Mobilization.  It is a useful document which gives details of all these relevant issues of urban planning and development for metropolitan cities.  The study was funded by Ministry

VIII) Building Bye-Laws for NCT Delhi, 2003 (Draft)

On the request of the Ministry, Building Bye-Laws for NCT Delhi, 2003 (Draft) was prepared by a Committee constituted for this purpose under the Chairmanship of CP, TCPO.   As the building bye-laws of NCT Delhi, 1983 have number of amendments in the recent past, it was felt that the same may be revised/ updated duly incorporating provisions for structural safety of buildings, rain water harvesting, barrier free environment for disabled and elderly persons.

IX) Comparative Transportation Profile in Metropolitan Cities (Draft), 2003

A comparative transportation profile for selected metropolitan cities was prepared highlighting important transportation issues in these cities.

X) Model Building Bye-Laws, 2004

The Model Building Bye-Laws was prepared to act as guide to State Town Planning Departments and Development Authorities to adopt the same as per their requirements and local conditions.

Right to Information

Item-wise Manuals / Information about TCPO as per Clause (b), Sub-section (1) Section 4 of the Right To Information Act – 2005
Organisational Chart
List of officers, Group wise Annexure - I
Pay Scales Annexure - II